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The Statue of Liberty (officially Liberty Enlightening the World, or La liberté éclairant le monde in French) was a gift from France to the United States to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. Arriving at the entrance of New York harbor on June 19, 1884, the Statue of Liberty has proudly stood there ever since. It was designed by the French sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904) and erected according to plans by Gustave Eiffel.

The statue stands nearly 150 feet tall and is a woman with her arm held high with a lit torch. In her other hand she is holding a tablet inscribed "July IV, MDCCLXXVI". In 1903 an inscription was added on the inside which contains the poem The New Colossus by Emma Lazarus. The widely quoted poem reads, in part:

Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!