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The Red Fort wonder is based on the real life Red Fort, which is a historic fort located in the center of the city of Delhi, India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1856. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political center of the Mughal state, and the setting for events which critically impacted the region. It also houses a number of museums.
The Red Fort was constructed in 1639 by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (who also constructed the wonder Taj Mahal) as the palace of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad. The Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. It has an area of 254.67 acres enclosed by 2.41 kilometres (1.50 miles) of defensive walls, punctuated by turrets and bastions and varying in height from 18 metres (59 ft) on the river side to 33 metres (108 ft) on the city side. The fort is octagonal, with the north-south axis longer than the east-west axis. The marble, floral decorations and double domes in the fort's buildings exemplify later Mughal architecture. The Kohinoor diamond was reportedly part of the furnishings.