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Iroquois/History

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Nation Overview Strategic Overview CtW Information History

Iroquois are a long forgotten great nation, who now only have been acknowledged small cartons of land in USA and Canada. But traditions live on, and the Iroquois still exist securing its original language, religion and rituals, all though many Iroquois people have been affected by the colonization of Americans. And they still think of the glory of the Iroquois' haydays, when it were the arch enemy to many tribes, and the ruler of even more, even battling the Europeans and Americans in the Beaver Wars and the American Revolution.

Creation and time prior to European contact Edit

Iroquois people were the original people to colonize the present state of New York and the surrounding areas. Not much is known about Iroquois people before the Middle Ages, but archeologists is sure that five tribes - Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk - inhabited the area as the first. These tribes lived in longhouses made of wood and were - unlike the Lakota indians - farmers farming beans and other forms of grain. But the people were also religious hunters hunting down dear, squirrels and other sorts of animals living in the forests of there territory. But the religion of the five tribes was a problem. They were all believing in one god - Tadodaho.

Unfortunately Tadodaho was the god of evil, war and fear and the tribes, terrified of the Tadodahos wrath, declared war at each to satisfy Tadodaho. The war was long and deadly and seemed to exist forever, but then to men stood up to the god. These to men were Dekanawida - also known as the Great Peacemaker - from the Mohawk tribe and Hiawatha from the Onondaga tribe. They made an alliance between the tribes, an alliance that today still exists, and religions tell that all warriors burried there weapons under a tree to forget the past. That tree is today placed in the center of the Iroquois Flag. In honour to Tadodaho they called the leader of the newly announced Iroquois Nation Tadodaho, a title still born today by Sidney Hill from the Onondaga tribe. The Onondaga tribe was situated in the center of the five tribes and therefore the main city of the Onondaga tribe - Onondaga - became the capital and meeting place of the Iroquois people.

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Historians today still argue when the creation happened. Many argues that it happened in a period between 1450 and 1600 AD, while others say that it happened precisely in 1142 AD because of solar eclipse dating that year. Neither religion nor archeological founds have made it clear when the creation happened, and it is today still unknown.

However from what little has been received by archaeologists, we know that the Iroquois lived mostly in villages dominated by a few clans in each. Power and administration was established on a matrilineal basis, with the most respected female elder being given utmost power to then appoint councillors from the men. The old stories also suggest that women had a special place in society, and enjoyed many privilleges that were denied to others outside of their own world.

The villages were fortified to protect against attacks by outsiders.

As mentioned before, warfare was endemic

The Beaver WarsEdit

During the 17th century, the Beaver Wars were battles for economic welfare throughout the St. Lawrence and the lower Great Lakes region. The wars were between the Iroquois trying to take control of the fur trade from the Hurons, the northern Algonquians, and their French allies. From medieval times, Europeans had obtained furs from Russia and Scandinavia. American pelts began coming on the market during the 16th century—decades before the French, English, and Dutch established permanent settlements and trading posts on the continent—after Basque fishermen chasing cod off Newfoundland's Grand Banks bartered with local Indians for beaver robes to help fend off the numbing Atlantic chill. By virtue of their location, military might, and diplomatic skill, these tribes wielded tremendous influence in European–Indian relations from the early seventeenth century through the late 18th century. The Iroquois sought to expand their territory and monopolize the fur trade and the trade between European markets and the tribes of the western Great Lakes region. Ever since the late 18th and first half of the 19th century, they were six different nations—Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Tuscarora, and Seneca. Each of these Native American nations has beliefs in tribal sovereignty and a collective body called a league. These nations had a supralevel affirmation in the sovereignty of the two leagues between Onondaga and New York. Government officials in Washington DC and Ottawa recognized the Iroquois sovereignty only in existence of individual tribal governments. The Iroquois Confederation, led by the dominant Mohawk, mobilized against the largely Algonquian-speaking tribes of the Great Lakes region. The Iroquois were armed by their Dutch and English trading partners; the Algonquian were backed by the French, their chief trading partner. The wars were brutal and are considered one of the bloodiest series of conflicts in the history of North America. As the Iroquois destroyed several large tribal confederacies—including the Huron, Neutral, Erie,

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