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Classical Age

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The Classical Age Classical Age Large is the second age a player can reach in Rise of Nations, and the first age avaliable to research. It can reached after any two technologies are researched through the Library, and costs 250 Food Food.

Background Edit

The "Classical Age", also known as "Classical Antiquity", is a common academic term for an very wide time period, conventionally considered to begin around the time of the the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer (8th–7th century BCE); or alternately, and more specifically, to the first Olympiad (776 BCE), which marks the beginning of Greek recorded history. The most powerful and influential cultures and states of the dawn of the Ancient Age declined, particularly as a result of the Bronze Age collapse, a period of widespread destruction and decline in the Eastern Mediterranean. In turn this collapse allowed new peoples and states to rise to power over the ruins of the ancient ones, and with time, brought along with them important innovations in the fields of technology, science, learning, trade and warfare.

An enormous amount of memorable events took place during the early Classical age, one of the most important being the widespread replacement of iron over bronze as the primary material for tools and weapons in most regions of the world, a phenomenon popularly known as the "Iron Age", and most of the world's best known empires also appeared and developed in this period, beginning with the Neo-Assyrian empire the first to take control of the entire Fertile Crescent, as well as surrounding areas, and which would, in turn, would prophecise and trigger the rise of many empires in Western Asia after it, and be a great influence in future administrations: after the defeat of Assyria by its many enemies and its partition into many West Asian empires, the entire region would be unified by the Persians under Cyrus the Great, afterwards supplanted by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, short after fragmented into the Hellenistic kingdoms which would be in turn divided between the Romans and the Parthians.

Europe in this period would witness the rise of Greece as a world empire after decisive events such as the Graeco-Persian Wars, and the extension of Greek culture deep into Asia, reaching as far as India, and opening the gates to a cultural exchange across the known world like never seen before. Later on, the Romans were to overcome the Greeks and become the greatest power in Europe, which they strongly built on Greek cultural foundations. The many Celtic and Germanic peoples that fought the Roman expansion in Europe would also begin to have historical protagonism in this period. Also the Scythians in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, which were among the peoples that benefitted from the societal collapse of the previous period, were to grow in strength and influence as well.

South Asia would see its first empires: Magadha and the Mauryan Empire, the latter considered the first golden age of India.

East Asia saw the rise and fall of several Chinese dynasties, and the first one to unify all of China: the Qin under Qin Shi Huang. A Korean state began to develop under the kingdom of Joseon, while in Japan, the Yamato period began.

Africa experienced the decline of Egypt, which passed from being one of the greatest powers of the Ancient world to the vassal state of the many empires that followed. The ever-resistant Nubians to the south would maintain their independence and become a bastion of Ancient Egyptian culture in the centuries to come. Also the Carthanginian Empire, one of the hardest opponents of Rome was to form in North Africa, while Eastern Africa the flourishing of Ethiopia as a great power.

Mesoamerica contributed some of the first great urban centers of the continent and the world when the Maya began to expand their villages into great cities around the 8th century, while in the Andes, the Chavín culture was developing into a thriving civilization which would influence most cultures in the entire region.

Advancements Edit

After advancing to the Classical Age, players are given a new palette of buildings to build, technologies to research, and units to create. Depending on the nation picked, you may begin to produce unique units as well. New buildings that are available in this age include the Stable, the Siege Factory, the Fort, the Granary, the Lumbermill, the Mine, the Smelter and the University.

TriviaEdit

The icon of the Classical Age is based on the Parthenon, as it would look like when it was first built in the Acropolis of Athens, Greece.

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The ruins of the Parthenon.

Rise of Nations Ages
Preceded by:
Ancient Age
Classical Age Succeeded by:
Medieval Age

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